Fopra ransomware (virus) - Recovery Instructions Included
Fopra virus Removal Guide
What is Fopra ransomware?
Fopra ransomware developers demand payment if victims want to decrypt their files
Ransomware infections can cause permanent data loss
Fopra ransomware is a file-locking malware. It belongs to the Phobos ransomware family that was discovered by security researchers back in October 2017. It can infiltrate the system and lock users' personal files, such as photos, videos, and documents using complicated encryption algorithms.
The affected files are appended with the .fopra extension, unique ID, and the cyber criminals' email. So if a file was previously named picture.jpg, after encryption it would look like this – picture.jpg.uniqueID.[firstname.lastname@example.org].fopra. Shortly after, two ransom notes are generated on the machine which inform the victims of what happened.
|TYPE||Ransomware, cryptovirus, data locking malware|
|MALWARE FAMILY||Phobos ransomware|
|DISTRIBUTION||Email attachments, peer-to-peer file sharing platforms, malicious ads|
|RANSOM NOTE||info.hta, info.txt|
|FILE RECOVERY||It is nearly impossible to recover the files if you do not have backups; we provide a third-party solution that has helped some users|
|MALWARE REMOVAL||Scan your machine with anti-malware software to eliminate all the malicious files|
|SYSTEM FIX||Windows reinstallation can be avoided with RestoroIntego maintenance tool, which can fix damaged files, system errors, and more|
The ransom note
The full info.hta ransom note reads as follows:
All your files have been encrypted!
All of your files have been encrypted. If you want to restore them, write to us by e-mail: email@example.com
Write this ID in the title of your message –
To increase the likelihood of receiving a response to your request, also duplicate your letters to the following e-mails:firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
For quick and convenient feedback, write to the online operator in the Wire messenger: zexor (The username of the Wire account must be exactly the same as above,beware of fake accounts.)
You have to pay for decryption in Bitcoins. The price depends on how fast you write to us. After payment we will send you the tool that will decrypt all your files.
Free decryption as guarantee
Before paying you can send us up to 3 files for free decryption. The total size of files must be less than 4Mb (non archived), and files should not contain valuable information. (databases,backups, large excel sheets, etc.)
How to obtain Bitcoins
The easiest way to buy bitcoins is LocalBitcoins site. You have to register, click 'Buy bitcoins', and select the seller by payment method and price.
Also you can find other places to buy Bitcoins and beginners guide here:
To get guaranteed assistance in decrypting your files, please contact only the contacts indicated in this note, otherwise we are not responsible for the decryption!
Do not rename encrypted files.
Do not try to decrypt your data using third-party software, as this may result in irreversible data loss.
Decrypting your files with the help of third parties may increase the price (they add their fee to ours) or you risk losing money without receiving files decryption in return.
!!! When contacting third parties, we do not give a guarantee for decryption of your files !!!
Cybercriminals generate another note in a text file – info.txt:
!! All your files are encrypted !!!
To decrypt them, send an email to this address: firstname.lastname@example.org
To increase the likelihood of receiving a response to your request, also duplicate your letters to the following e-mails:
email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
For quick and convenient feedback, write to the online operator in the Wire messenger: @zexor
(The username of the Wire account must be exactly the same as above, be vigilant any accounts that differ even by one letter are fakes.)
To get guaranteed assistance in decrypting your files, please contact only the contacts indicated in this note, otherwise, we are not responsible for the decryption!
In the two notes, cybercriminals inform victims of what happened to their files. To make themselves look more trustworthy, they offer to decrypt up to 3 files for free. However, if users want to get all of their data back, they would have to pay. The amount is not specified in the notes but the payment method is Bitcoin.
Threat actors choose to be paid in cryptocurrencies because it provides anonymity. However, it is very risky for the victims. It is impossible to get the funds back once they are sent to another wallet. Besides, many previous ransomware attack victims say that they never received the promised decryption tools after paying.
Ransomware developers ask to be paid in cryptocurrencies for decryption
Cybercriminals use a variety of different methods to spread their malicious programs. But the most common way ransomware is spread is through email attachments. Criminals use social engineering tactics to make people download the infected attachment and open it.
Another common method for ransomware distribution is “cracked” software. Users often download them from unsafe websites like Torrent websites or peer-to-peer file-sharing platforms. Because they are unregulated, they are the perfect breeding ground for all kinds of malware. It is impossible to know if the downloads contain malicious files.
One of the most underlooked things is the importance of keeping the operating system and software updated. Hackers can use software vulnerabilities to deliver malware. Software developers regularly release security patches which should be installed as soon as they come out to avoid security risks.
How to deal with ransomware?
If you try to recover your data first, it can result in permanent loss. It can also encrypt your files the second time. It will not stop until you remove the malicious files causing it first. You should not attempt removing the malicious program yourself. Use anti-malware tools like SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes to scan your system. This security software should find all the related files and entries and remove them automatically for you. Automatic removal is the best option because there is less risk of leaving some of the traces behind.
Malware could prevent you from using antivirus software by turning it off. In that case, you should proceed with accessing Safe Mode first:
Windows 7 / Vista / XP
- Click Start > Shutdown > Restart > OK.
- When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 button (if that does not work, try F2, F12, Del, etc. – it all depends on your motherboard model) multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
- Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.
Windows 10 / Windows 8
- Right-click on Start button and select Settings.
- Scroll down to pick Update & Security.
- On the left side of the window, pick Recovery.
- Now scroll down to find Advanced Startup section.
- Click Restart now.
- Select Troubleshoot.
- Go to Advanced options.
- Select Startup Settings.
- Click Restart.
- Press 5 or click 5) Enable Safe Mode with Networking.
File recovery using third-party software
Only hackers hold the decryption key, which can unlock your files, so if you did not back them up previously, you possibly lost your files forever. You can try using data recovery software, but third-party programs cannot always decrypt the files. We suggest at least trying this method. Before proceeding, you have to copy the corrupted files and place them in a USB flash drive or another storage. And remember – only do this if you have already removed Fopra ransomware.
- Download Data Recovery Pro.
- Double-click the installer to launch it.
- Follow on-screen instructions to install the software.
- As soon as you press Finish, you can use the app.
- Select Everything or pick individual folders where you want the files to be recovered from.
- Press Next.
- At the bottom, enable Deep scan and pick which Disks you want to be scanned.
- Press Scan and wait till it is complete.
- You can now pick which folders/files to recover – don't forget you also have the option to search by the file name!
- Press Recover to retrieve your files.
The operating system is left damaged after an attack
Performance, stability, and usability issues, to the point where a full Windows reinstall is required, are expected after malware infection. These types of infections can alter the Windows registry database, damage vital bootup, and other sections, delete or corrupt DLL files, etc. Once a system file is damaged by malware, antivirus software is not able to repair it.
This is why RestoroIntego was developed. It can fix a lot of the damage caused by an infection like this. Blue Screen errors, freezes, registry errors, damaged DLLs, etc., can make your computer completely unusable. By using this maintenance tool, you could avoid Windows reinstallation.
- Download the application by clicking on the link above
- Click on the ReimageRepair.exe
- If User Account Control (UAC) shows up, select Yes
- Press Install and wait till the program finishes the installation process
- The analysis of your machine will begin immediately
- Once complete, check the results – they will be listed in the Summary
- You can now click on each of the issues and fix them manually
- If you see many problems that you find difficult to fix, we recommend you purchase the license and fix them automatically.
Getting rid of Fopra virus. Follow these steps
Isolate the infected computer
Some ransomware strains aim to infect not only one computer but hijack the entire network. As soon as one of the machines is infected, malware can spread via network and encrypt files everywhere else, including Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices. If your computer is connected to a network, it is important to isolate it to prevent re-infection after ransomware removal is complete.
The easiest way to disconnect a PC from everything is simply to plug out the ethernet cable. However, in the corporate environment, this might be extremely difficult to do (also would take a long time). The method below will disconnect from all the networks, including local and the internet, isolating each of the machines involved.
- Type in Control Panel in Windows search and press Enter
- Go to Network and Internet
- Click Network and Sharing Center
- On the left, pick Change adapter settings
- Right-click on your connection (for example, Ethernet), and select Disable
- Confirm with Yes.
If you are using some type of cloud storage you are connected to, you should disconnect from it immediately. It is also advisable to disconnect all the external devices, such as USB flash sticks, external HDDs, etc. Once the malware elimination process is finished, you can connect your computers to the network and internet, as explained above, but by pressing Enable instead.
Report the incident to your local authorities
Ransomware is a huge business that is highly illegal, and authorities are very involved in catching malware operators. To have increased chances of identifying the culprits, the agencies need information. Therefore, by reporting the crime, you could help with stopping the cybercriminal activities and catching the threat actors. Make sure you include all the possible details, including how did you notice the attack, when it happened, etc. Additionally, providing documents such as ransom notes, examples of encrypted files, or malware executables would also be beneficial.
Law enforcement agencies typically deal with online fraud and cybercrime, although it depends on where you live. Here is the list of local authority groups that handle incidents like ransomware attacks, sorted by country:
- USA – Internet Crime Complaint Center IC3
- United Kingdom – ActionFraud
- Canada – Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre
- Australia – ScamWatch
- New Zealand – ConsumerProtection
- Germany – Polizei
- France – Ministère de l'Intérieur
If your country is not listed above, you should contact the local police department or communications center.
How to prevent from getting ransomware
Access your website securely from any location
When you work on the domain, site, blog, or different project that requires constant management, content creation, or coding, you may need to connect to the server and content management service more often. The best solution for creating a tighter network could be a dedicated/fixed IP address.
If you make your IP address static and set to your device, you can connect to the CMS from any location and do not create any additional issues for the server or network manager that needs to monitor connections and activities. VPN software providers like Private Internet Access can help you with such settings and offer the option to control the online reputation and manage projects easily from any part of the world.
Recover files after data-affecting malware attacks
While much of the data can be accidentally deleted due to various reasons, malware is one of the main culprits that can cause loss of pictures, documents, videos, and other important files. More serious malware infections lead to significant data loss when your documents, system files, and images get encrypted. In particular, ransomware is is a type of malware that focuses on such functions, so your files become useless without an ability to access them.
Even though there is little to no possibility to recover after file-locking threats, some applications have features for data recovery in the system. In some cases, Data Recovery Pro can also help to recover at least some portion of your data after data-locking virus infection or general cyber infection.
- ^ James Royal. What Is Cryptocurrency? Here’s What You Should Know. NerdWallet. Investing Guides and Tips.
- ^ Georgina Torbet. 5 Security Reasons Not to Download Cracked Software. Makeuseof. Technology Blog.
- ^ Andrew Kalafut. A study of malware in peer-to-peer networks. ResearchGate. Scientific Papers.
- ^ Key (cryptography). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.