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Remove Forma ransomware (Removal Guide) - Decryption Steps Included

removal by Julie Splinters - - | Type: Ransomware

Forma ransomware is a new crypto virus that uses .locked extension and targets Polish users

Forma ransomware virus
Forma ransomware is a product of Hidden Tear based malware product developers who focus on money extortion.

Forma ransomware is yet another file locker that is based on HiddenTear open source virus. This time, however, it targets Polish computer users exclusively. Malware employs AES encryption[1] algorithm for data locking process and appends a .locked extension to all photos, videos, databases, documents, etc., preventing victims from accessing any of personal files. Forma virus changes the desktop wallpaper and drops a ransom note ODSZYFRFUJ_PLIKI_TERAZ.txt which explains to users how to retrieve the encoded data. Experts highly discourage users from contacting cybercriminals, especially when security researchers can help victims with file decryption. Note that the added .locked extension is used by several other viruses, so you should check your ransom note for the correct virus name.

Name Forma ransomware
Type Cryptovirus
Related .Locked virus
File extension .locked
Ransom note file ODSZYFRFUJ_PLIKI_TERAZ.txt
Encryption method AES
Targeted users Polish
Contact email deszyfrujacy@yandex.com
Distribution Spam email attachments, unsafe sites, exploits, etc.
file decyption Data decryption is possible by using backups or third-party software. However, users should also try contacting Michael Gillespie for a free decryptipn
Elimination Use Reimage and remove Forma ransomware

At first glance, the infected victims can quickly see that Forma ransomware is designed for Polish, as the ransom note and the wallpaper text is written in Polish. Additionally, “Forma” means “From” in Polish. 

As soon as files get locked, Forma virus opens a full-screen window displaying detailed instructions on how to proceed next. Users can also view this information on the ransom note ODSZYFRFUJ_PLIKI_TERAZ.txt. Here's the translation of the message:

ATTENTION !!! ALL YOUR FILES WERE CALLED WITH A CHARACTER KEY! RECOVERY OF FILES IS POSSIBLE ONLY WITH THE AID OF A DESZYRUIZING KEY. NOTHING LOST, BY THE NEXT 48h, WE HAVE YOUR KEY THAT IS TRANSFERS ON OUR SERVER! CONTACT EMAIL ADDRESS: deszyfrujacy@yandex.com TO RECOVER ACCESS TO FILES – ATTENTION! AFTER 48 HOURS FROM FILE ERASING, YOUR SATISFACTION KEY IS AUTOMATICALLY DELETED FROM OUR SERVER AND THE RECOVERY OF FILES IS NOT POSSIBLE. IN NO EVENT, DO NOT CLOSE A COMPUTER OR A DESIRACKING PROGRAM – IT MAY CAUSE THE IMPROVEMENT IN THE RETRIEVATION OF FILES. WE GUARANTEE THE RECOVERY OF ALL FILES!

Even though Forma ransomware developers suggest contacting them and paying the ransom, you shouldn't do so because it gets you nowhere.[2] Contacting cybercriminals or even paying them might result not only in data but also in money loss, as they are not obligated to pay you. Instead, contact security researcher Michael Gillespie or use third-party software.

Researchers[3] always advise removing malware as soon as possible because malware like Forma ransomware can render your machine vulnerable to other cyber infections. 

Once you remove Forma ransomware you can revert the changes done on your device: 

  • registry entries;
  • scheduled tasks;
  • disabled functions and programs;
  • stop spawned process, and similar.

The best Forma ransomware removal results can be achieved using professional anti-malware tools. Programs like Reimage or similar antivirus software helps in virus elimination process because it detects all dangerous files, applications and removes them from the computer safely. Also, check additional malware termination tips down below.

The main email spam goal is to trick users into installing malware

In most cases of cyber infections, malware is distributed via the internet. When it comes to trojans, crypto mining malware or ransomware infections spam emails with infected attachments spread the code widely and quickly. Email scams are often used to demand payments from victims directly,[4] but emails that distribute malware are set to trick users into opening attached files.

When the safe-looking document or PDF is opened, it redirects to direct payload download or installs malware directly on the device. These MS documents like Word or Excel contain macro viruses and spread various cyber threats without your permission or even knowledge.

There is a way to avoid cyber infections like this because you can exit the suspicious email or don't even open it in the first place. However, if you downloaded the file from the questionable email, you can scan it before opening to avoid the additional virus infiltration. 

Use reputable anti-malware to eliminate Forma ransomware

The best option for Forma ransomware removal is professional anti-malware tools with virus elimination functions because of the additional changes ransomware makes on the computer. Since this is a virus that can change Windows Registry keys and disable your antivirus, you may also need to reboot the machine in Safe Mode before a full system scan.

To remove Forma ransomware, download and install Reimage, SpyHunterCombo Cleaner or Malwarebytes Malwarebytes. Then, scan the system fully using one of these tools and follow the suggested steps. These tools indicate all possibly dangerous programs or files and delete them from the computer completely.

When Forma ransomware virus is eliminated from the machine, you can try restoring your files lost due to the ransomware. The best option is to replace encoded files with data from the backup on external device or cloud service. However, we have a few additional methods if you have no file backups. Follow our guide and delete all intruders from the system. 

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What to do if failed?
If you failed to remove virus damage using Reimage, submit a question to our support team and provide as much details as possible.
Reimage is recommended to remove virus damage. Free scanner allows you to check whether your PC is infected or not. If you need to remove malware, you have to purchase the licensed version of Reimage malware removal tool.
Alternative Software
Different security software includes different virus database. If you didn’t succeed in finding malware with Reimage, try running alternative scan with SpyHunter.
Alternative Software
Different security software includes different virus database. If you didn’t succeed in finding malware with Reimage, try running alternative scan with Combo Cleaner.

To remove Forma virus, follow these steps:

Remove Forma using Safe Mode with Networking

Reboot your machine in the Safe Mode with Networking and eliminate Forma ransomware using your antivirus program:

  • Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Networking

    Windows 7 / Vista / XP
    1. Click Start Shutdown Restart OK.
    2. When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
    3. Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list Select 'Safe Mode with Networking'

    Windows 10 / Windows 8
    1. Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
    2. Now select Troubleshoot Advanced options Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
    3. Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Networking in Startup Settings window. Select 'Enable Safe Mode with Networking'
  • Step 2: Remove Forma

    Log in to your infected account and start the browser. Download Reimage or other legitimate anti-spyware program. Update it before a full system scan and remove malicious files that belong to your ransomware and complete Forma removal.

If your ransomware is blocking Safe Mode with Networking, try further method.

Remove Forma using System Restore

Use System Restore in the Forma ransomware removal

  • Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Command Prompt

    Windows 7 / Vista / XP
    1. Click Start Shutdown Restart OK.
    2. When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
    3. Select Command Prompt from the list Select 'Safe Mode with Command Prompt'

    Windows 10 / Windows 8
    1. Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
    2. Now select Troubleshoot Advanced options Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
    3. Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt in Startup Settings window. Select 'Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt'
  • Step 2: Restore your system files and settings
    1. Once the Command Prompt window shows up, enter cd restore and click Enter. Enter 'cd restore' without quotes and press 'Enter'
    2. Now type rstrui.exe and press Enter again.. Enter 'rstrui.exe' without quotes and press 'Enter'
    3. When a new window shows up, click Next and select your restore point that is prior the infiltration of Forma. After doing that, click Next. When 'System Restore' window shows up, select 'Next' Select your restore point and click 'Next'
    4. Now click Yes to start system restore. Click 'Yes' and start system restore
    Once you restore your system to a previous date, download and scan your computer with Reimage and make sure that Forma removal is performed successfully.

Bonus: Recover your data

Guide which is presented above is supposed to help you remove Forma from your computer. To recover your encrypted files, we recommend using a detailed guide prepared by 2-spyware.com security experts.

If your files are encrypted by Forma, you can use several methods to restore them:

Employ Data Recovery Pro as the alternative file restoring option

You can use Data Recovery Pro for accidentally deleted data too

  • Download Data Recovery Pro;
  • Follow the steps of Data Recovery Setup and install the program on your computer;
  • Launch it and scan your computer for files encrypted by Forma ransomware;
  • Restore them.

Windows Previous Versions feature helps with encoded data

Windows Previous Versions can only work when System Restore gets enabled

  • Find an encrypted file you need to restore and right-click on it;
  • Select “Properties” and go to “Previous versions” tab;
  • Here, check each of available copies of the file in “Folder versions”. You should select the version you want to recover and click “Restore”.

Try ShadowExplorer after Forma ransomware removal

  • Download Shadow Explorer (http://shadowexplorer.com/);
  • Follow a Shadow Explorer Setup Wizard and install this application on your computer;
  • Launch the program and go through the drop down menu on the top left corner to select the disk of your encrypted data. Check what folders are there;
  • Right-click on the folder you want to restore and select “Export”. You can also select where you want it to be stored.

Decryption tool does not exist

Finally, you should always think about the protection of crypto-ransomwares. In order to protect your computer from Forma and other ransomwares, use a reputable anti-spyware, such as Reimage, SpyHunterCombo Cleaner or Malwarebytes Malwarebytes

About the author

Julie Splinters
Julie Splinters - Malware removal specialist

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