Fireball malware is a browser hijacker that can function as a backdoor
Fireball virus is a highly dangerous Chinese malware (created by Rafotech) that has compromised over 250 million computers worldwide. The malicious software hijacks victims’ web browsers and replaces current homepage, new tab and default search engine values with URL that points to Rafotech search engine. Results brought by this questionable search tool seem to be provided by giant companies like Google or Yahoo, although actually they are filled with advertisements promoting possibly dangerous sites. Each of the fake Rafotech search tools contains tracking pixels that are used to record private users’ data. However, despite posing a threat to victim’s privacy, displaying intrusive pop-up ads and manipulating search results, the hijacker is capable of doing so much more. It turns out that Fireball malware can be easily transformed into a weapon that could give the attackers opportunity to infect the compromised machines with additional viruses. It is a must to remove Fireball hijacker as soon as possible because frauds can easily leverage it to execute any type of code on the system. For its removal, we highly suggest using Reimage or Malwarebytes software. Below, you can see part of search engines run by Rafotech:
Research shows that the malicious Fireball adware mostly affected residents of India, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, and the United States. The developer of the malware, known as Rafotech, denies creating browser hijackers, but praises being a successful digital marketing company that provides a possibility to access over 300 million users worldwide. However, the activity of this virus clearly discloses its relations with this company. On top of that, the cyber threat demonstrates a great sophistication level – it has anti-detection features, the structure of multiple layers and also ability to communicate with a Command & Control server. This doesn’t look like a typical browser hijacker to us – rather something way more powerful and malicious. In fact, the software reminds us of a critical backdoor. It goes without saying that Fireball malware removal should become your top-priority task. If you are unsure whether your PC is infected with this malware or not, we suggest scanning the system with anti-malware software ASAP. Remember that only reputable and up-to-date programs will detect the virus.
Fireball virus acts as a browser hijacker - this malicious virus replaces victim's browser settings to cause redirects to Rafotech search engines. However, this virus has backdoor features, allowing attackers remotely execute codes on compromised systems.
Distribution of Rafotech’s malware
Bundling is the main attack vector used by Fireball hijacker’s developer. At the moment, it is known that the hijacker is actively distributed with the help of DealWifi, Mustang Browser, Soso Desktop, FVP Imageviewer and much more. Users must be careful when installing free programs from the Internet, no matter if they appear to be legitimate at first sight. The problem is, the developer of the described malware balances on the edge of legitimacy and leverages the fact that adware/browser hijackers are theoretically legitimate programs. At the moment of Fireball’s installation, none of the malicious programs are installed alongside it. However, cyber security experts have expressed their beliefs that the malware is distributed with the help of additional methods such as spam. What is more, the company is suspected of buying installs from malicious actors.
To prevent Fireball malware attack, avoid installing software from suspicious web sources. On top of that, always choose Custom or Advanced settings when installing software. These options allows modifying components of downloaded software packs, meaning you can deselect unwanted additions and install only the software you were initially looking for.
Remove Fireball malware from your machine
Fireball virus has been bothering computer users for years, changing their browser settings and performing other intolerable activities. If you have been bothered by the aforementioned search engines at least once in your lifetime, you must scan the system to remove Fireball malware ASAP. Please do not try to root out the infection manually – it is a highly sophisticated threat that, as we mentioned, obfuscates itself on the system to avoid detection. The virus sneaks into the system using different names, and that is another reason why it could be impossible to detect it manually.
To remove Fireball virus, follow these steps:
Remove Fireball using Safe Mode with Networking
To remove Fireball malware, please carefully follow the given guide. You have to make sure that the virus won't try to block your anti-malware software, so reboot it into neutral mode – Safe Mode with Networking. Once you do so, launch the security software to eliminate the virus along with all of its files.
Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Networking
Windows 7 / Vista / XP
- Click Start → Shutdown → Restart → OK.
- When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
- Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list
Windows 10 / Windows 8
- Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
- Now select Troubleshoot → Advanced options → Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
- Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Networking in Startup Settings window.
Step 2: Remove Fireball
Log in to your infected account and start the browser. Download Reimage or other legitimate anti-spyware program. Update it before a full system scan and remove malicious files that belong to your ransomware and complete Fireball removal.
If your ransomware is blocking Safe Mode with Networking, try further method.
Finally, you should always think about the protection of crypto-ransomwares. In order to protect your computer from Fireball and other ransomwares, use a reputable anti-spyware, such as Reimage, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes