Fdcz ransomware (Removal Guide) - Bonus: Decryption Steps
Fdcz virus Removal Guide
What is Fdcz ransomware?
Fdcz ransomware – a cryptovirus that offers a 50% discount on its ransom if the victims act swiftly
This virus is a threat that aims to get money from scared victims.
Fdcz ransomware is a file-locking virus developed for cryptocurrency racketeering. It does that by encrypting all personal files and demanding a ransom to regain access to them. This cryptovirus infects devices only with Windows Operating System. Apart from locking all personal files, it also renames them by appending a .fdcz extension to their original filenames. Thus if you had a file named a.pdf, it would now appear as a.pdf.fdcz.
When this infection has done the first part of its purpose, it generates a ransom note titled _readme.txt. This text file holds instructions and demands from the ransomware developers. They demand to contact them through given emails (email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org) to receive further payment instructions.
The ransom amount is set at $980, but if victims contact their assailants within 72 hours of the attack, a 50% discount is promised. As always, we advise against reaching out to cybercriminals or paying the ransom. There might be other ways to recover your data.
This malware derives from the infamous Djvu ransomware family. Since it's one of the most pervasive infection lineages, companies like Emsisoft dedicate their time to create free decryption tools for victims. Malware ensures persistence by showing a fake Windows Update pop-up window and modify the host file in Windows, alters startup settings, registry. You can find the helpful guide below that shows how to repair these issues.
|type||Cryptovirus, file-locking parasite|
|Ransom note||_readme.txt is usually created on the desktop|
|Contact email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Ransom amount||$980/$490. It depends if victims establish contact within 72 hours of the infection|
|Distribution||Deceptive ads, file-sharing platforms, spam emails, fake Flash Player updates. This particular family is known for spreading via pirated sites and packages with malicious code posing as part of licensed version installations or game cracks|
|Removal||To quickly and safely eliminate the virus and any computer infections, you should use a reliable anti-malware tool|
|Decryption||File recovery options for this threat are limited because of the changes made to encryption methods and other techniques. You can find all the alternative options below|
|System Repair||Since ransomware often does extensive damage to the system, it's highly recommended to use the time-proven RestoroIntego system diagnostics tool to resolve any issues and avoid abnormal system behavior, or even infection renewal|
Djvu family ransomware has been first spotted at the end of 2018. And since then, it's been terrorizing people all over the world. When a version from this lineage, such as Ytbn virus, Ekvf virus, Enfp virus, or others, infect your computer, all your personal files (documents, pictures, music, databases, etc.) are encrypted within minutes.
Unfortunately, in most cases, the only way to unlock the data is to use a decryption key or software that the cybercriminals have in their possession. In no way does that mean that you should succumb to their demands and pay the asked amount of cryptocurrency. The ransom message is created to scare you and make the Fdcz file virus developer richer.
They could use the ransom money to develop new versions and research more effective attacking techniques. For your convenience, we've posted data recovery solutions for this ransomware at the bottom of the page, so be sure to check them out.
Djvu family ransomware has a lot of similarities. That's not a surprise as it's cooking up new versions at least once a week or even more frequently. Ransomware developers portray their demands within the _readme.txt file, which reads:
Don't worry, you can return all your files!
All your files like pictures, databases, documents and other important are encrypted with strongest encryption and unique key.
The only method of recovering files is to purchase decrypt tool and unique key for you.
This software will decrypt all your encrypted files.
What guarantees you have?
You can send one of your encrypted file from your PC and we decrypt it for free.
But we can decrypt only 1 file for free. File must not contain valuable information.
You can get and look video overview decrypt tool:
Price of private key and decrypt software is $980.
Discount 50% available if you contact us first 72 hours, that's price for you is $490.
Please note that you'll never restore your data without payment.
Check your e-mail “Spam” or “Junk” folder if you don't get answer more than 6 hours.
To get this software you need write on our e-mail:
Reserve e-mail address to contact us:
Your personal ID:
As you can see, malware creators try their best to push you into making rash decisions. Since these criminals are in the dirty business for 3 years, they know how to scare and convince their victims into agreeing with their demands. They use four persuasion tricks:
- state that only their decryption software will unlock your data,
- offer free decryption of one file from the infected device, to prove that such a tool exists,
- include a link to a video where you can see their offered software in action,
- provide a 50% discount on the ransom to victims that act swiftly and establish contact within 72 hours.
This computer infection renames files and prevents from accessing them
Criminals are criminals, and thus you should never trust them. There are other ways to recover your data, so remove Fdcz ransomware immediately. Cybersecurity specialists from DieViren.de highly recommend using the SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes free security tools for this procedure. If the virus prevents you from opening the AV tool, reboot your PC and start it in Safe Mode with Networking (instructions posted below).
Detection names might indicate the aliases, family of the malware, or show how the threat is distributed, but you should remove any intruders found after the AV tool scan.
After you delete the virus with reliable anti-malware software, you have to use system repair tools, such as the time-proven RestoroIntego system diagnostics software, to restore all the changes that this cryptovirus has made to your system. It usually alters the Registry, host files, and other key system elements to establish persistence.
If these changes are left unattended, you might encounter BSoDs, freezing, and other abnormal device behavior, including infection renewal. Once the removal is properly finished, you can restore your data from backups. If you didn't keep them, try using other recovery options posted at the bottom.
Refrain from using file-sharing platforms to keep your PC virus-free
Various malware, including ransomware, Trojans, rootkits, keyloggers, etc., is spread using many techniques. Some of the most popular ones are spam emails, fake Flash Player updates, drive-by downloads on hacked sites, RDP attacks, and deceptive ads. But one of the peculiarities of the Djvu ransomware family is that it mainly spreads through file-sharing platforms and, in particular, the most popular torrent sites.
AV tools can detect this ransomware
Unlocked (pirated) expensive commercial software and cracks for the latest games could hold this family's virus payload files. Cybercriminals could prefer this method as it requires the least effort. They have to upload their vile creations with an alluring name and wait for someone to download them.
Once ransomware is on your device, and you execute the file thinking that there's nothing wrong with it, an infection starts, and your data is rendered inaccessible within a couple of minutes. Thus think twice before using such file-sharing platforms as it may result in a severe headache.
Guidelines to remove Fdcz ransomware from infected Windows computers
When the culprit of this article infects your computer, you're going to be locked out of your files within minutes. It will encrypt every personal file on your device and then ask for a ransom. People have to realize that obeying the criminals' demands only motivates them to attack other innocent people and finances their whole operation.
The only reasonable thing to do is to remove Fdcz ransomware. The best way to do it is to scan your infected PC with a trustworthy anti-malware tool such as SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes. Since it alters system files, it could be a bit more difficult as it could prevent you from launching a security tool.
If that's the case, you have to reboot your device and launch it in Safe Mode with Networking. If you're not quite sure how that's done, please refer to our guides below. You will also find file recovery options listed there. Try using them if you didn't keep backups of your essential data.
To finish the removal process, you have to use the RestoroIntego system diagnostics software. It will find and delete any residual files or entries of the hazardous virus, preventing its renewal. And it will restore any damage that the infection has caused to your system files so that you could enjoy a stable working environment.
Getting rid of Fdcz virus. Follow these steps
Important steps to take before you begin malware removal
File encryption and ransomware infection are two independent processes (although the latter would not be possible without the former). However, it is important to understand that malware performs various changes within a Windows operating system, fundamentally changing the way it works.
IMPORTANT for those without backups! →
If you attempt to use security or recovery software immediately, you might permanently damage your files, and even a working decryptor then would not be able to save them.
Before you proceed with the removal instructions below, you should copy the encrypted files onto a separate medium, such as USB flash drive or SSD, and then disconnect them from your computer. Encrypted data does not hold any malicious code, so it is safe to transfer to other devices.
The instructions below might initially seem overwhelming and complicated, but they are not difficult to understand as long as you follow each step in the appropriate order. This comprehensive free guide will help you to handle the malware removal and data recovery process correctly.
If you have any questions, comments, or are having troubles with following the instructions, please do not hesitate to contact us via the Ask Us section.
It is vital to eliminate malware infection from the computer fully before starting the data recovery process, otherwise ransomware might re-encrypt retrieved files from backups repeatedly.
Isolate the infected computer
Some ransomware strains aim to infect not only one computer but hijack the entire network. As soon as one of the machines is infected, malware can spread via network and encrypt files everywhere else, including Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices. If your computer is connected to a network, it is important to isolate it to prevent re-infection after ransomware removal is complete.
The easiest way to disconnect a PC from everything is simply to plug out the ethernet cable. However, in the corporate environment, this might be extremely difficult to do (also would take a long time). The method below will disconnect from all the networks, including local and the internet, isolating each of the machines involved.
- Type in Control Panel in Windows search and press Enter
- Go to Network and Internet
- Click Network and Sharing Center
- On the left, pick Change adapter settings
- Right-click on your connection (for example, Ethernet), and select Disable
- Confirm with Yes.
If you are using some type of cloud storage you are connected to, you should disconnect from it immediately. It is also advisable to disconnect all the external devices, such as USB flash sticks, external HDDs, etc. Once the malware elimination process is finished, you can connect your computers to the network and internet, as explained above, but by pressing Enable instead.
Scan your system with anti-malware
If you are a victim of ransomware, you should employ anti-malware software for its removal. Some ransomware can self-destruct after the file encryption process is finished. Even in such cases, malware might leave various data-stealing modules or could operate in conjunction with other malicious programs on your device.
SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes can detect and eliminate all ransomware-related files, additional modules, along with other viruses that could be hiding on your system. The security software is really easy to use and does not require any prior IT knowledge to succeed in the malware removal process.
Repair damaged system components
Once a computer is infected with malware, its system is changed to operate differently. For example, an infection can alter the Windows registry database, damage vital bootup and other sections, delete or corrupt DLL files, etc. Once a system file is damaged by malware, antivirus software is not capable of doing anything about it, leaving it just the way it is. Consequently, users might experience performance, stability, and usability issues, to the point where a full Windows reinstall is required.
Therefore, we highly recommend using a one-of-a-kind, patented technology of RestoroIntego repair. Not only can it fix virus damage after the infection, but it is also capable of removing malware that has already broken into the system thanks to several engines used by the program. Besides, the application is also capable of fixing various Windows-related issues that are not caused by malware infections, for example, Blue Screen errors, freezes, registry errors, damaged DLLs, etc.
- Download the application by clicking on the link above
- Click on the ReimageRepair.exe
- If User Account Control (UAC) shows up, select Yes
- Press Install and wait till the program finishes the installation process
- The analysis of your machine will begin immediately
- Once complete, check the results – they will be listed in the Summary
- You can now click on each of the issues and fix them manually
- If you see many problems that you find difficult to fix, we recommend you purchase the license and fix them automatically.
By employing RestoroIntego, you would not have to worry about future computer issues, as most of them could be fixed quickly by performing a full system scan at any time. Most importantly, you could avoid the tedious process of Windows reinstallation in case things go very wrong due to one reason or another.
Restore Windows "hosts" file to its original state
Some ransomware might modify Windows hosts file in order to prevent users from accessing certain websites online. For example, Djvu ransomware variants add dozens of entries containing URLs of security-related websites, such as 2-spyware.com. Each of the entries means that users will not be able to access the listed web addresses and will receive an error instead.
Here's an example of “hosts” file entries that were injected by ransomware:
In order to restore your ability to access all websites without restrictions, you should either delete the file (Windows will automatically recreate it) or remove all the malware-created entries. If you have never touched the “hosts” file before, you should simply delete it by marking it and pressing Shift + Del on your keyboard. For that, navigate to the following location:
Restore files using data recovery software
Since many users do not prepare proper data backups prior to being attacked by ransomware, they might often lose access to their files permanently. Paying criminals is also very risky, as they might not fulfill the promises and never send back the required decryption tool.
While this might sound terrible, not all is lost – data recovery software might be able to help you in some situations (it highly depends on the encryption algorithm used, whether ransomware managed to complete the programmed tasks, etc.). Since there are thousands of different ransomware strains, it is immediately impossible to tell whether third-party software will work for you.
Therefore, we suggest trying regardless of which ransomware attacked your computer. Before you begin, several pointers are important while dealing with this situation:
- Since the encrypted data on your computer might permanently be damaged by security or data recovery software, you should first make backups of it – use a USB flash drive or another storage.
- Only attempt to recover your files using this method after you perform a scan with anti-malware software.
Install data recovery software
- Download Data Recovery Pro.
- Double-click the installer to launch it.
- Follow on-screen instructions to install the software.
- As soon as you press Finish, you can use the app.
- Select Everything or pick individual folders where you want the files to be recovered from.
- Press Next.
- At the bottom, enable Deep scan and pick which Disks you want to be scanned.
- Press Scan and wait till it is complete.
- You can now pick which folders/files to recover – don't forget you also have the option to search by the file name!
- Press Recover to retrieve your files.
Find a working decryptor for your files
File encryption is a process that is similar to applying a password to a particular file or folder. However, from a technical point of view, encryption is fundamentally different due to its complexity. By using encryption, threat actors use a unique set of alphanumeric characters as a password that can not easily be deciphered if the process is performed correctly.
There are several algorithms that can be used to lock data (whether for good or bad reasons); for example, AES uses the symmetric method of encryption, meaning that the key used to lock and unlock files is the same. Unfortunately, it is only accessible to the attackers who hold it on a remote server – they ask for a payment in exchange for it. This simple principle is what allows ransomware authors to prosper in this illegal business.
While many high-profile ransomware strains such as Djvu or Dharma use immaculate encryption methods, there are plenty of failures that can be observed within the code of some novice malware developers. For example, the keys could be stored locally, which would allow users to regain access to their files without paying. In some cases, ransomware does not even encrypt files due to bugs, although victims might believe the opposite due to the ransom note that shows up right after the infection and data encryption is completed.
Therefore, regardless of which crypto-malware affects your files, you should try to find the relevant decryptor if such exists. Security researchers are in a constant battle against cybercriminals. In some cases, they manage to create a working decryption tool that would allow victims to recover files for free.
Once you have identified which ransomware you are affected by, you should check the following links for a decryptor:
- No More Ransom Project
- Free Ransomware Decryptors by Kaspersky
- Free Ransomware Decryption Tools from Emsisoft
- Avast decryptors
If you can't find a decryptor that works for you, you should try the alternative methods we list below. Additionally, it is worth mentioning that it sometimes takes years for a working decryption tool to be developed, so there are always hopes for the future.
Use Emsisoft decrytor for Djvu/STOP
If your computer got infected with one of the Djvu variants, you should try using Emsisoft decryptor for Djvu/STOP. It is important to mention that this tool will not work for everyone – it only works if data was locked with an offline ID due to malware failing to communicate with its remote servers.
Even if your case meets this condition, somebody from the victims has to pay criminals, retrieve an offline key, and then share it with security researchers at Emsisoft. As a result, you might not be able to restore the encrypted files immediately. Thus, if the decryptor says your data was locked with an offline ID but cannot be recovered currently, you should try later. You also need to upload a set of files – one encrypted and a healthy one to the company's servers before you proceed.
- Download the app from the official Emsisoft website.
- After pressing Download button, a small pop-up at the bottom, titled decrypt_STOPDjvu.exe should show up – click it.
- If User Account Control (UAC) message shows up, press Yes.
- Agree to License Terms by pressing Yes.
- After Disclaimer shows up, press OK.
- The tool should automatically populate the affected folders, although you can also do it by pressing Add folder at the bottom.
- Press Decrypt.
From here, there are three available outcomes:
- “Decrypted!” will be shown under files that were decrypted successfully – they are now usable again.
- “Error: Unable to decrypt file with ID:” means that the keys for this version of the virus have not yet been retrieved, so you should try later.
- “This ID appears to be an online ID, decryption is impossible” – you are unable to decrypt files with this tool.
Create data backups to avoid file loss in the future
One of the many countermeasures for home users against ransomware is data backups. Even if your Windows get corrupted, you can reinstall everything from scratch and retrieve files from backups with minimal losses overall. Most importantly, you would not have to pay cybercriminals and risk your money as well.
Therefore, if you have already dealt with a ransomware attack, we strongly advise you to prepare backups for future use. There are two options available to you:
- Backup on a physical external drive, such as a USB flash drive or external HDD.
- Use cloud storage services.
The first method is not that convenient, however, as backups need to constantly be updated manually – although it is very reliable. Therefore, we highly advise choosing cloud storage instead – it is easy to set up and efficient to sustain. The problem with it is that storage space is limited unless you want to pay for the subscription.
Using Microsoft OneDrive
OneDrive is a built-in tool that comes with every modern Windows version. By default, you get 5 GB of storage that you can use for free. You can increase that storage space, but for a price. Here's how to setup backups for OneDrive:
- Click on the OneDrive icon within your system tray.
- Select Help & Settings > Settings.
- If you don't see your email under the Account tab, you should click Add an account and proceed with the on-screen instructions to set yourself up.
- Once done, move to the Backup tab and click Manage backup.
- Select Desktop, Documents, and Pictures, or a combination of whichever folders you want to backup.
- Press Start backup.
After this, all the files that are imported into the above-mentioned folders will be automatically backed for you. If you want to add other folders or files, you have to do that manually. For that, open File Explorer by pressing Win + E on your keyboard, and then click on the OneDrive icon. You should drag and drop folders you want to backup (or you can use Copy/Paste as well).
Using Google Drive
Google Drive is another great solution for free backups. The good news is that you get as much as 15GB for free by choosing this storage. There are also paid versions available, with significantly more storage to choose from.
You can access Google Drive via the web browser or use a desktop app you can download on the official website. If you want your files to be synced automatically, you will have to download the app, however.
- Download the Google Drive app installer and click on it.
- Wait a few seconds for it to be installed.
- Now click the arrow within your system tray – you should see Google Drive icon there, click it once.
- Click Get Started.
- Enter all the required information – your email/phone, and password.
- Now pick what you want to sync and backup. You can click on Choose Folder to add additional folders to the list.
- Once done, pick Next.
- Now you can select to sync items to be visible on your computer.
- Finally, press Start and wait till the sync is complete. Your files are now being backed up.
Manual removal using Safe Mode
Manual removal guide might be too complicated for regular computer users. It requires advanced IT knowledge to be performed correctly (if vital system files are removed or damaged, it might result in full Windows compromise), and it also might take hours to complete. Therefore, we highly advise using the automatic method provided above instead.
Step 1. Access Safe Mode with Networking
Manual malware removal should be best performed in the Safe Mode environment.
Windows 7 / Vista / XP
- Click Start > Shutdown > Restart > OK.
- When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 button (if that does not work, try F2, F12, Del, etc. – it all depends on your motherboard model) multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
- Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.
Windows 10 / Windows 8
- Right-click on Start button and select Settings.
- Scroll down to pick Update & Security.
- On the left side of the window, pick Recovery.
- Now scroll down to find Advanced Startup section.
- Click Restart now.
- Select Troubleshoot.
- Go to Advanced options.
- Select Startup Settings.
- Press Restart.
- Now press 5 or click 5) Enable Safe Mode with Networking.
Step 2. Shut down suspicious processes
Windows Task Manager is a useful tool that shows all the processes running in the background. If malware is running a process, you need to shut it down:
- Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard to open Windows Task Manager.
- Click on More details.
- Scroll down to Background processes section, and look for anything suspicious.
- Right-click and select Open file location.
- Go back to the process, right-click and pick End Task.
- Delete the contents of the malicious folder.
Step 3. Check program Startup
- Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard to open Windows Task Manager.
- Go to Startup tab.
- Right-click on the suspicious program and pick Disable.
Step 4. Delete virus files
Malware-related files can be found in various places within your computer. Here are instructions that could help you find them:
- Type in Disk Cleanup in Windows search and press Enter.
- Select the drive you want to clean (C: is your main drive by default and is likely to be the one that has malicious files in).
- Scroll through the Files to delete list and select the following:
Temporary Internet Files
- Pick Clean up system files.
- You can also look for other malicious files hidden in the following folders (type these entries in Windows Search and press Enter):
After you are finished, reboot the PC in normal mode.
Finally, you should always think about the protection of crypto-ransomwares. In order to protect your computer from Fdcz and other ransomwares, use a reputable anti-spyware, such as RestoroIntego, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes
How to prevent from getting ransomware
Protect your privacy – employ a VPN
There are several ways how to make your online time more private – you can access an incognito tab. However, there is no secret that even in this mode, you are tracked for advertising purposes. There is a way to add an extra layer of protection and create a completely anonymous web browsing practice with the help of Private Internet Access VPN. This software reroutes traffic through different servers, thus leaving your IP address and geolocation in disguise. Besides, it is based on a strict no-log policy, meaning that no data will be recorded, leaked, and available for both first and third parties. The combination of a secure web browser and Private Internet Access VPN will let you browse the Internet without a feeling of being spied or targeted by criminals.
No backups? No problem. Use a data recovery tool
If you wonder how data loss can occur, you should not look any further for answers – human errors, malware attacks, hardware failures, power cuts, natural disasters, or even simple negligence. In some cases, lost files are extremely important, and many straight out panic when such an unfortunate course of events happen. Due to this, you should always ensure that you prepare proper data backups on a regular basis.
If you were caught by surprise and did not have any backups to restore your files from, not everything is lost. Data Recovery Pro is one of the leading file recovery solutions you can find on the market – it is likely to restore even lost emails or data located on an external device.
- ^ DieViren. DieViren. Spyware news and security.
- ^ Virus detection rate. VirusTotal. Online malware scanner.
- ^ Drive-by download. Wikipedia. The free encyclopedia.
- ^ Jaikumar Vijayan. What is an RDP attack? 7 tips for mitigating your exposure. Cso. Security news, features and analysis.