Erif ransomware (Virus Removal Instructions) - Decryption Steps Included

Erif virus Removal Guide

What is Erif ransomware?

Erif ransomware is a malicious cyber infection that genealogically belongs to the Djvu ransomware family

Erif Djvu ransomwareErif file-encrypting ransomware is highly malicious cyber threat that causes serious damage to peoples' property and system

Erif ransomware is a file-encrypting virus that has started infecting home PC users[1] at the end of July 2020. Cybersecurity experts were quick to confirm the fact that the virus arises from the well-known Djvu ransomware family. It's the 242nd variant of this infamous cryptomalware, which exhibits more or less the same traits except the novel file extension appended to locked files, which is .erif.

The virus is being most actively distributed via spam email attachments and software license cracks. There's no way to understand that the attachment or software contains a malicious file because the latter is heavily obfuscated and cannot even be recognized by the AV tools. If the payload dropper is successfully launched, the ransomware scatters malicious .exe and .dll files, launches the PowerShell command to delete Volume Shadow Copies, and alters certain Windows Registry keys, and etc.

However, the mentioned changes are rather invisible. The main symptom of the Erif ransomware infection is inaccessible personal files. All pictures, documents, archives, etc. feature the same .erif file extension, which cannot be removed or changed. Apart from locked files, the victims can see the _readme.txt note on the desktop and non-system folders where they are urged to email ransomware owners via or It is clear that the victims are expected to pay $480 ransom in Bitcoins[2] within 72 hours. If later, the price for the decryption key gets doubled. Anyway,[3] experts do not recommend paying for criminals. Instead, you should rely on alternative .erif decryption methods that we will explain below.

Name Erif
International classification Ransomware, a.k.a file-encrypting virus
Family STOP/Djvu ransomware
Specificities Upon infection, the virus drops _readme.txt note for explicit information and locks personal files using the AES-256 encryption algorithm. Consequently, all non-system files get the .erif file marker
Contacts Criminals expect victims to email them via or
Distribution Djvu ransomware variants are mainly disseminated via spam email attachments and software cracks. However, it may also be distributed via unprotected RDPs
Version 242nd variant of Djvu
Decryption The newest variants of Djvu cannot be decrypted for free. The only official decryption key is stored by the criminals, which cost $490 or $980 in Bitcoins. Nonetheless, victims are advised not to pay the redemption. Instead of that, remove Erif ransomware and take advantage of Data Recovery Pro, Previous Windows version, or similar alternatives
Removal The only way to get rid of the ransomware is to scan the system with a professional anti-virus program
IMPORTANT: Since ransomware directly harms the system, it's a must to scan the system with FortectIntego repair tool. Otherwise, corrupted Registry entries, altered system files, and other components can trigger abnormal system behavior

Erif ransomware is an English-speaking users-targeting virus as its ransom note and other information about the attack is in English only. However, it doesn't mean that its dissemination is restricted to countries like the US, UK, Australia, and similar. Since this virus is particularly actively spread via software cracks that can be downloaded from Torrent and P2P networks, which are used by millions of people all across the world, any country can become a target.

This cyber threat affects Windows devices only. Erif virus is not adapted to macOS, Linux, or other OS versions. The most vulnerable Windows version is Windows 7, which no longer receives support. Therefore, existing vulnerabilities can be most easily exploited by criminals.

File-encrypting viruses focus on file encryption and victims' pushing into paying the redemption. Therefore, it's the main task is to alter as many personal files as possible by appending the .erif file marker as a suffix. However, informing the users in a proper manner is not of less importance. Therefore, the pest creates the _readme.txt note on multiple non-system folders, including Downloads, Temp, Documents, User, etc. The text note contains the following information:


Don’t worry, you can return all your files!
All your files like photos, databases, documents and other important are encrypted with strongest encryption and unique key.
The only method of recovering files is to purchase decrypt tool and unique key for you.
This software will decrypt all your encrypted files.
What guarantees you have?
You can send one of your encrypted file from your PC and we decrypt it for free.
But we can decrypt only 1 file for free. File must not contain valuable information.
You can get and look video overview decrypt tool:
Price of private key and decrypt software is $980.
Discount 50% available if you contact us first 72 hours, that’s price for you is $490.
Please note that you’ll never restore your data without payment.
Check your e-mail “Spam” or “Junk” folder if you don’t get answer more than 6 hours.

To get this software you need write on our e-mail:

Reserve e-mail address to contact us:

Your personal ID:

This message is one-sided as the criminals employ a social engineering strategy to scare people into thinking that the only solution is ransom payment. However, as soon as the ransom note is found, we encourage victims to make .erif virus file copies and remove the virus from the system using a robust anti-virus program.

After that, optimize the system using FortectIntego repair tool to recover normal Windows performance and then try alternative data recovery methods. Please DO NOT fall for downloading free Djvu decryption software. During the research on how to decrypt Djvu variants like Kuus, Maas, Zida, Usam, and others, people end up on shady download sources that provide a free download for the mentioned decryptor. However, it's yet another trick used by hackers because the free decryptor is the payload of the Zorab ransomware.

Erif virusErif virus spreads in a stealthy manner, initiates malicious system changes, and locks personal files to gain easy money

Therefore, if you have been infected, do not fall for panic. The first move you have to do is to remove Erif ransomware virus completely. Since it may be rather aggressive and keep its persistence by blocking the security software. However, there's a workaround solution that Windows provides, i.e. Safe Mode, which automatically disables all necessary processes.

Can't open .erif files? Here's what to do next

Many users are confused, and some are even shocked after they encounter ransomware for the first time. Indeed, such experience might be devastating, as some of the most important files stored on the system are no longer accessible. The biggest misconception that inexperienced victims perceive is that they will be able to remove .erif file extension as soon as they perform a full system scan with anti-malware software.

However, it is important to understand that .erif files cannot be recovered with anti-virus software, as it is simply not designed for that. Security software is there to clean your system from the infection and ensure that your personal computer is no longer compromised. Recovering the encrypted data is an entirely separate procedure that one has to undertake when trying to regain access to .erif files.

Since .erif virus files belong to the Djvu malware family, attempts have been made to help victims to recover their files for free. However, keep in mind that the virus uses RSA encryption, so file recovery is possible in rare circumstances. Nonetheless, you should still try those methods and avoid paying criminals (although in some cases it might be the only option left for you).

Before you proceed with the following methods, you should first backup all the files, as they do not hold any malicious code and are safe to use. Next, you should scan the machine with anti-malware and only then attempt the following:

  • Make use of the Emsisoft decryption tool, which will only work if your data was encrypted with an offline ID, and somebody else with the same infection paid the ransom, retrieved the key, and shared with Emsisoft.
  • Utilize third-party recovery software. For these tools to work, malware needs to fail to delete Shadow Volume Copies, although some applications might be successful in helping you to recover at least some .erif files.
  • Built-in Windows resources, such as Previous Versions Feature or System Restore, can sometimes be useful when trying to retrieve ransomware-locked files.

To proceed with these .erif virus files recovery options, please check the bottom section of this article.

Erif files virus decryption tool from EmsisoftEnsure you download the real version of Emsisoft decryptor

Malicious cyber infections take advantage of poor system protection and users' inexperience

It's not possible to recognize malicious files injected into emails, software, fake download, and similar medium. This can be done only by professional anti-virus programs. So the main precautionary measure that you can take is the strongest possible security system. Full-featured security package and regularly updated software should ensure the highest, still not hundred-percent, protection from malicious infections.

Do not forget that the main ransomware dissemination technique is spam. Injected with malicious links and attachments, spam emails can be distributed en masses or targeting specific users. Anyway, it's possible to discern the danger of the email by careful analysis of its sender, main body text, grammar, type, and similar traits. Besides, you can always use the email scan feature that most of the professional AV tools offer.

Another measure that would help to stay away from malicious cyber infections is related to pirated software. Hackers frequently take advantage of cracks and keygens that millions of people keep downloading to avoid paying for the license of software like Windows, Adobe Acrobat, Photoshop, and many others. Unfortunately, there's no way to check the pirated software or its files. Thus, we strongly recommend you to stop using illegal software not only because you infringe the copyright law, but because you risk being infected by a malicious cyber infection.

Fake Erif decryptorCrooks may try to trick users into downloading maliciousE Erif decryptor for free. Do not fall for the trick because it's yet another ransomware

Delete Erif ransomware along with its malicious files to recover system's performance

Erif virus is activated as soon as the potential victim accidentally enables the payload dropper. As we have already explained, the latter can be disguised within spam email attachments, pirated software, or injected manually by targeted brute-force attacks. Anyway, the damage is as big – personal files locked, the system compromised.

One of the most important things is not to fall for panic. The first thing to perform – a full Erif virus removal using robust anti-virus tools, such as SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes. Reboot the system into Safe Mode (the tutorial below) and launch the AV scanner. The scan process may take some time, so be patient and let the software do the trick.

Once the virus is quarantined and removed successfully, we recommend employing a reliable system repair tool and using it for fixing virus damage. It's a tool oriented to Windows optimization, recovery of damaged system files, registry check, and similar tasks. Once you remove Erif virus and recover the system, keep going with the file recovery methods.

do it now!
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Compatible with Microsoft Windows Compatible with macOS
What to do if failed?
If you failed to fix virus damage using Fortect Intego, submit a question to our support team and provide as much details as possible.
Fortect Intego has a free limited scanner. Fortect Intego offers more through scan when you purchase its full version. When free scanner detects issues, you can fix them using free manual repairs or you can decide to purchase the full version in order to fix them automatically.
Alternative Software
Different software has a different purpose. If you didn’t succeed in fixing corrupted files with Fortect, try running SpyHunter 5.
Alternative Software
Different software has a different purpose. If you didn’t succeed in fixing corrupted files with Intego, try running Combo Cleaner.

Getting rid of Erif virus. Follow these steps

Manual removal using Safe Mode

The guide below helps users to reboot Windows into Safe Mode with Networking if they haven't done this procedure before:

Important! →
Manual removal guide might be too complicated for regular computer users. It requires advanced IT knowledge to be performed correctly (if vital system files are removed or damaged, it might result in full Windows compromise), and it also might take hours to complete. Therefore, we highly advise using the automatic method provided above instead.

Step 1. Access Safe Mode with Networking

Manual malware removal should be best performed in the Safe Mode environment. 

Windows 7 / Vista / XP
  1. Click Start > Shutdown > Restart > OK.
  2. When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 button (if that does not work, try F2, F12, Del, etc. – it all depends on your motherboard model) multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
  3. Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list. Windows 7/XP
Windows 10 / Windows 8
  1. Right-click on Start button and select Settings.
  2. Scroll down to pick Update & Security.
    Update and security
  3. On the left side of the window, pick Recovery.
  4. Now scroll down to find Advanced Startup section.
  5. Click Restart now.
  6. Select Troubleshoot. Choose an option
  7. Go to Advanced options. Advanced options
  8. Select Startup Settings. Startup settings
  9. Press Restart.
  10. Now press 5 or click 5) Enable Safe Mode with Networking. Enable safe mode

Step 2. Shut down suspicious processes

Windows Task Manager is a useful tool that shows all the processes running in the background. If malware is running a process, you need to shut it down:

  1. Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard to open Windows Task Manager.
  2. Click on More details.
    Open task manager
  3. Scroll down to Background processes section, and look for anything suspicious.
  4. Right-click and select Open file location.
    Open file location
  5. Go back to the process, right-click and pick End Task.
    End task
  6. Delete the contents of the malicious folder.

Step 3. Check program Startup

  1. Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard to open Windows Task Manager.
  2. Go to Startup tab.
  3. Right-click on the suspicious program and pick Disable.

Step 4. Delete virus files

Malware-related files can be found in various places within your computer. Here are instructions that could help you find them:

  1. Type in Disk Cleanup in Windows search and press Enter.
    Disk cleanup
  2. Select the drive you want to clean (C: is your main drive by default and is likely to be the one that has malicious files in).
  3. Scroll through the Files to delete list and select the following:

    Temporary Internet Files
    Recycle Bin
    Temporary files

  4. Pick Clean up system files.
    Delete temp files
  5. You can also look for other malicious files hidden in the following folders (type these entries in Windows Search and press Enter):


After you are finished, reboot the PC in normal mode.

Remove Erif using System Restore

Enable previous Windows Version to recover damaged system files.

  • Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Command Prompt
    Windows 7 / Vista / XP
    1. Click Start Shutdown Restart OK.
    2. When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
    3. Select Command Prompt from the list Select 'Safe Mode with Command Prompt'

    Windows 10 / Windows 8
    1. Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
    2. Now select Troubleshoot Advanced options Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
    3. Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt in Startup Settings window. Select 'Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt'
  • Step 2: Restore your system files and settings
    1. Once the Command Prompt window shows up, enter cd restore and click Enter. Enter 'cd restore' without quotes and press 'Enter'
    2. Now type rstrui.exe and press Enter again.. Enter 'rstrui.exe' without quotes and press 'Enter'
    3. When a new window shows up, click Next and select your restore point that is prior the infiltration of Erif. After doing that, click Next. When 'System Restore' window shows up, select 'Next' Select your restore point and click 'Next'
    4. Now click Yes to start system restore. Click 'Yes' and start system restore
    Once you restore your system to a previous date, download and scan your computer with FortectIntego and make sure that Erif removal is performed successfully.

Bonus: Recover your data

Guide which is presented above is supposed to help you remove Erif from your computer. To recover your encrypted files, we recommend using a detailed guide prepared by security experts.

Unfortunately, a free Erif decryption tool is not available. The virus takes advantage of the unique online keys for every victim, the latest Djvu variants (launched after August 2019) cannot be decrypted for free. The older variants (some of which are still active) can be deciphered using a free STOP/Djvu decrypter. Otherwise, you should rely on alternative methods, some of which are listed below:

If your files are encrypted by Erif, you can use several methods to restore them:

Employ Data Recovery Pro

This robust data recovery application can help to retrieve files after the Windows crash, as well as a ransomware attack. 

  • Download Data Recovery Pro;
  • Follow the steps of Data Recovery Setup and install the program on your computer;
  • Launch it and scan your computer for files encrypted by Erif ransomware;
  • Restore them.

Windows Previous Versions is the file recovery feature

When you enable System Restore, you can rely on Windows Previous Versions and restore those encoded files yourself. Please note that this process requires much time because files can be recovered on-by-one only. 

  • Find an encrypted file you need to restore and right-click on it;
  • Select “Properties” and go to “Previous versions” tab;
  • Here, check each of available copies of the file in “Folder versions”. You should select the version you want to recover and click “Restore”.

No Erif decryptor available

Finally, you should always think about the protection of crypto-ransomwares. In order to protect your computer from Erif and other ransomwares, use a reputable anti-spyware, such as FortectIntego, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes

How to prevent from getting ransomware

Do not let government spy on you

The government has many issues in regards to tracking users' data and spying on citizens, so you should take this into consideration and learn more about shady information gathering practices. Avoid any unwanted government tracking or spying by going totally anonymous on the internet. 

You can choose a different location when you go online and access any material you want without particular content restrictions. You can easily enjoy internet connection without any risks of being hacked by using Private Internet Access VPN.

Control the information that can be accessed by government any other unwanted party and surf online without being spied on. Even if you are not involved in illegal activities or trust your selection of services, platforms, be suspicious for your own security and take precautionary measures by using the VPN service.

Backup files for the later use, in case of the malware attack

Computer users can suffer from data losses due to cyber infections or their own faulty doings. Ransomware can encrypt and hold files hostage, while unforeseen power cuts might cause a loss of important documents. If you have proper up-to-date backups, you can easily recover after such an incident and get back to work. It is also equally important to update backups on a regular basis so that the newest information remains intact – you can set this process to be performed automatically.

When you have the previous version of every important document or project you can avoid frustration and breakdowns. It comes in handy when malware strikes out of nowhere. Use Data Recovery Pro for the data restoration process.

About the author
Julie Splinters
Julie Splinters - Anti-malware specialist

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