Cerber 6 virus Removal Guide
What is Cerber 6 ransomware virus?
Cerber 6 is the 6th version of a notorious Cerber ransomware
Cerber 6 is the latest version of Cerber ransomware which was spreading around from the beginning of March 2016. The insidious distribution techniques and ability to encrypt files of this virus helped it earn the title of the most dangerous file-encrypting threat of last year.
After its grand appearance, the developers of Cerber have been regularly releasing updates for their first virus. In the end of last year, they reached the count of 5. However, after such a rush, they stopped their updates and presented Cerber 6 only after a long period of silence.
It also introduced new distribution technique –Blank Slate – technique to assault users with a message without content but with appended corrupted attachments. Launched RaaS service also explains the firm position in the online market. Thus, it is crucial to know its modus operandi in order to prevent and remove Cerber 6. One of the ways to do it is to use ReimageIntego or Malwarebytes.
Looking from a scientific perspective, the evolution of the malware is quite impressive. Within a year, the cyber criminals have developed malware into top-class crypto-malware. It started out as a ransomware which targeted mostly western Europe, and Atlantic-Pacific region. Then, it required a PC reboot to finish encrypting files with AES and RSA encryption tools.
Later on, it added more drama hues to the malware, as the virus would launch .vma audio file to alarm users of their encrypted data. Within a year, it maintained its preference on certain countries. The US users comprise over 84.64% of all assault targets. The following most-affected countries are Japan, Taiwan, Australia and China.
The introduction of RaaS greatly contributed to Cerber 6 ransomware distribution as the overall group of this malware. Now fellow cyber criminals are able to customize certain features such as exclusion lists. In other words, they can modify what files can be excluded from the encryption process. They can also change country and language preferences if they intend to assault only specific regions.
Furthermore, the developers of Cerber 6 have also shifted to using SFX files (self-extracting archives). If you occasionally read an article about cyber security, you may recall frequent warnings not to open .js, .doc or extract .zip folders without verifying the identity of a sender. However, SFX files allow the malware unzip its folder and extract corrupted files.
The latest version of the crypto-malware contains improved anti-sandboxing and ant-VM features. Cerber 6 manifests a new level of intelligence. Specifically, it is capable of identifying whether the target user aims to launch the malware in an isolated environment, in other words, virtual machine. Upon executing, malware connects to a remote Command and Control server. Less elaborate threats are unable to disguise such activities.
Consequently, cyber security specialists analyze the malware and come up with countermeasures. However, in the case of the Cerber 6 malware, it spots such environment and connects to a legitimate server leading IT experts to think that a test subject is virus-free. There is also a visible tendency to use .exe files in the latest version.
Certainly, such features complicate Cerber 6 removal. However, cyber security specialists continue improving their malware-detection apps for users to detect this menace faster.
Cerber 6 virus presents new challenges for IT professionals and ordinary users.
Distributing malware throughout the cyber space
As previously mentioned, multiple factors contribute to the success of Cerber 6 hijack. RaaS campaign resulted in the hike of malware samples in the cyber space. Furthermore, Cerber has been detected spreading via faulty Adobe Flash Player updates and Nullsoft Scriptable Install System (NSIS) installers. It has also launched Blank Slate campaign which bombards users with empty messages. Such notification would contain a corrupted attachment.
The main problem remains spam botnets. It is known that, currently, Necurs botnet spreads this threat. However, the question, how many more botnets of this malware are available, is still unanswered.
Keep in mind that trojans also remain prevalent among the distributors of this malware. Thus, it is crucial not only to improve PC security with a proper firewall software, anti-spyware and anti-virus utilities but also remain vigilant while downloading new apps and enabling new features.
Cerber 6 removal steps
Regarding the complexity of this threat, manual Cerber 6 removal is hardly effective. Since it is able to avoid anti-virus programs, automatic elimination might be difficult as well. However, at the moment, it is the only viable method to terminate the threat.
Make sure that the application is updated and start the scan. Due to the features of this malware, you might encounter difficulties eliminating this threat. In that case, reboot the system in Safe Mode or use the second method. Then, you should be able to remove Cerber 6 virus.
Getting rid of Cerber 6 virus. Follow these steps
Manual removal using Safe Mode
To remove Cerber 6 using Safe Mode, make sure you follow these steps. They will help you disable this ransomware before a full system scan:
Manual removal guide might be too complicated for regular computer users. It requires advanced IT knowledge to be performed correctly (if vital system files are removed or damaged, it might result in full Windows compromise), and it also might take hours to complete. Therefore, we highly advise using the automatic method provided above instead.
Step 1. Access Safe Mode with Networking
Manual malware removal should be best performed in the Safe Mode environment.
Windows 7 / Vista / XP
- Click Start > Shutdown > Restart > OK.
- When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 button (if that does not work, try F2, F12, Del, etc. – it all depends on your motherboard model) multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
- Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list.
Windows 10 / Windows 8
- Right-click on Start button and select Settings.
- Scroll down to pick Update & Security.
- On the left side of the window, pick Recovery.
- Now scroll down to find Advanced Startup section.
- Click Restart now.
- Select Troubleshoot.
- Go to Advanced options.
- Select Startup Settings.
- Press Restart.
- Now press 5 or click 5) Enable Safe Mode with Networking.
Step 2. Shut down suspicious processes
Windows Task Manager is a useful tool that shows all the processes running in the background. If malware is running a process, you need to shut it down:
- Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard to open Windows Task Manager.
- Click on More details.
- Scroll down to Background processes section, and look for anything suspicious.
- Right-click and select Open file location.
- Go back to the process, right-click and pick End Task.
- Delete the contents of the malicious folder.
Step 3. Check program Startup
- Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard to open Windows Task Manager.
- Go to Startup tab.
- Right-click on the suspicious program and pick Disable.
Step 4. Delete virus files
Malware-related files can be found in various places within your computer. Here are instructions that could help you find them:
- Type in Disk Cleanup in Windows search and press Enter.
- Select the drive you want to clean (C: is your main drive by default and is likely to be the one that has malicious files in).
- Scroll through the Files to delete list and select the following:
Temporary Internet Files
- Pick Clean up system files.
- You can also look for other malicious files hidden in the following folders (type these entries in Windows Search and press Enter):
After you are finished, reboot the PC in normal mode.
Remove Cerber 6 using System Restore
To remove the virus, try restoring the device to a previously saved system image. This should grant you access to certain system functions. Afterward, continue Cerber 6 elimination.
Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Command Prompt
Windows 7 / Vista / XP
- Click Start → Shutdown → Restart → OK.
- When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
- Select Command Prompt from the list
Windows 10 / Windows 8
- Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
- Now select Troubleshoot → Advanced options → Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
- Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt in Startup Settings window.
Step 2: Restore your system files and settings
- Once the Command Prompt window shows up, enter cd restore and click Enter.
- Now type rstrui.exe and press Enter again..
- When a new window shows up, click Next and select your restore point that is prior the infiltration of Cerber 6. After doing that, click Next.
- Now click Yes to start system restore.
Bonus: Recover your dataGuide which is presented above is supposed to help you remove Cerber 6 from your computer. To recover your encrypted files, we recommend using a detailed guide prepared by 2-spyware.com security experts.
If your files are encrypted by Cerber 6, you can use several methods to restore them:
Data Recovery Pro option
if you ran out of data recovery options, try this application.
- Download Data Recovery Pro;
- Follow the steps of Data Recovery Setup and install the program on your computer;
- Launch it and scan your computer for files encrypted by Cerber 6 ransomware;
- Restore them.
Opting for ShadowExplorer
Previous versions of this malware were known to delete shadow volume copies. However, the 5th and 6th versions ceased eliminating these copies, even though this feature varies from sample to sample. Thus, you might succeed in recovering your personal files with the assistance of this utility.
- Download Shadow Explorer (http://shadowexplorer.com/);
- Follow a Shadow Explorer Setup Wizard and install this application on your computer;
- Launch the program and go through the drop down menu on the top left corner to select the disk of your encrypted data. Check what folders are there;
- Right-click on the folder you want to restore and select “Export”. You can also select where you want it to be stored.
Cerber 6 Decrypter
Unfortunately, none of Cerber versions, including Cerber 6, is decryptable yet.
Finally, you should always think about the protection of crypto-ransomwares. In order to protect your computer from Cerber 6 and other ransomwares, use a reputable anti-spyware, such as ReimageIntego, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes
How to prevent from getting ransomware
Do not let government spy on you
The government has many issues in regards to tracking users' data and spying on citizens, so you should take this into consideration and learn more about shady information gathering practices. Avoid any unwanted government tracking or spying by going totally anonymous on the internet.
You can choose a different location when you go online and access any material you want without particular content restrictions. You can easily enjoy internet connection without any risks of being hacked by using Private Internet Access VPN.
Control the information that can be accessed by government any other unwanted party and surf online without being spied on. Even if you are not involved in illegal activities or trust your selection of services, platforms, be suspicious for your own security and take precautionary measures by using the VPN service.
Backup files for the later use, in case of the malware attack
Computer users can suffer from data losses due to cyber infections or their own faulty doings. Ransomware can encrypt and hold files hostage, while unforeseen power cuts might cause a loss of important documents. If you have proper up-to-date backups, you can easily recover after such an incident and get back to work. It is also equally important to update backups on a regular basis so that the newest information remains intact – you can set this process to be performed automatically.
When you have the previous version of every important document or project you can avoid frustration and breakdowns. It comes in handy when malware strikes out of nowhere. Use Data Recovery Pro for the data restoration process.