Shaofao.exe — a malicious executable related to Dharma ransomware
Shaofao.exe is a file that runs in the Task Manager of Windows computer. Typically .exe extension files are used by Windows system to execute various commands on the device, for example, launching an application. In late August 2018, researchers discovered a new variant of Dharma ransomware which runs the mentioned file after the infiltration. File locking viruses are extremely dangerous as data loss is highly likely. Even after paying ransom to cybercriminals, users might end up not receiving the decryptor they needed to recover personal files.
|Main dangers||Encrypts files and demands ransom for their release|
|Distribution||Spam email attachments|
|Elimination||Clean your system thoroughly with Reimage|
Dharma ransomware is a file locking virus that first showed up in November 2016. It uses AES encryption algorithm to encrypt data and appends [email].dharma file extension, as well as drops a ransom note. The contact address and ransom note vary depending on the variant of malware. Shaofao.exe virus is one of the latest versions that showed up in late August 2018. It appends .combo file extensions to the affected data.
The malicious Shaofao.exe performs the following on the infected machine:
- reads the active computer name;
- spawns many processes;
- deletes volume snapshots/shadow volume copies;
- modifies Windows registry
Shaofao.exe removal can be crucial for your system because ransomware encrypts your files, keeps them locked until you pay a certain amount in Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency. This is very dangerous, and you shouldn't pay cybercriminals. However, there is a possibility that your files cannot be recovered after this attack unless you have your data backed up on an external device.
In addition to shaofao.exe, you may also see a .txt file that is a ransom note for particular ransomware. In this case, if your device is affected by Dharma, you may find Info.hta and FILES ENCRYPTED.txt placed on every folder where encrypted files are. This text file contains more details about the initial ransomware attack.
Ransom note reads as follows:
At the moment, your system is not protected.
We can fix it and restore files.
To restore the system write to this address:
Shaofao.exe virus will need to be eliminated as soon as possible if you find it running on your system. Not only that you will not be able to open any of your personal files. Therefore, remove the ransomware using a reputable anti-malware tool and then use Reimage to make sure Windows Registry is clean.
Ransomware executes via insecure spam email attachments
Researchers note that many malicious actors use spam email campaigns to spread malware. Phishing emails can look fake in some cases, but more often than not ransomware developers put in some effort to make messages more believable. Thus, it is crucial to spot signs of a fraudulent email before opening any attachments or clicking on links.
A phishing email often comes from an unknown email address, but hackers mostly use one that looks almost identical to well-known retailers, such as Amazon or Airbnb. Additionally, users can be redirected to spoofing sites where personal details can be obtained.
If you open a malicious attachment and allow the Macro function to run, the virus' code will be immediately executed, and, before you know it, all your files will be locked. Nevertheless, those who use anti-malware solutions are at much lower risk of infection, as most of the security software is capable of stopping the virus from execution.
Terminate shaofao.exe and other related files with anti-malware software
To remove shaofao.exe virus, you need to scan your system entirely using anti-malware tools like Reimage, SpyHunterCombo Cleaner or Malwarebytes Malwarebytes. These programs perform a thorough system scan and eliminate the detected cyber threats.
You cannot perform shaofao.exe removal manually because ransomware infection is complicated and performing the action would require an excessive IT knowledge which most regular users do not have. Thus, better leave the hard work for automatic solutions.