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Remove Bora ransomware (Virus Removal Guide) - Recovery Instructions Included

removal by Lucia Danes - - | Type: Ransomware

Bora ransomware is a destructive file encryption virus that utilizes asymmetric cipher and, among other changes, modifies Windows hosts file

Bora ransomware

Bora ransomware is a type of malware that aims to lock pictures, videos, PDFs, music, document, and other files on the host system and then blackmail victims into paying a ransom in Bitcoin for the decryption tool. Belonging to the notorious Djvu/STOP ransomware strain, this variant relates to the new surge of infections that apply comprehensive encryption methods to lock up data, making the file recovery an extremely complicated task.

Upon infection, Bora ransomware first performs a variety of system changes, including Windows registry[1] key alternations, modifications to the hosts file (this prevents users from visiting security-related sites), drops software module that steals personal information, etc. After that, the virus encrypts files and adds .bora extension to each of them, also dropping a _readme.txt ransom note. According to the text file, users need to contact crooks via or and pay $980/$490 ransom in Bitcoin to retrieve the key that is required for a successful data decryption.

Questions about Bora ransomware

Unfortunately, without paying hackers behind Bora ransomware, file recovery is almost an impossible task. Nevertheless, the affected users could try a free decryptor “decrypter_2” or contact Dr.Web for possible help. Additionally, there is a small chance of recovering files using third-party recovery tools.

Name Bora
Type Ransomware, cryptovirus – this type of malware is among one of the most devastating ones, as the encrypted files do not recover their original state after the infection is removed
Malware family Bora belongs to the notorious STOP/Djvu ransomware family, which is currently the dominating file-encrypting malware in the wild 
File extension  All pictures, databases, documents, and other relevant files have .bora extension appended to them. For example, a file picture.jpg is turned into picture.jpg.bora
Ransom note  Ransom note _readme.txt is dropped on desktop and into each of the folders where the affected files are located
Contact details  Victims are prompted to contact cybercriminals via or emails
Primary functionality  File locking feature using a sophisticated encryption algorithm which prevents users from opening any of their files until a unique key is applied – it is stored on remote servers controlled by hackers 
Additional functions  Bora ransomware may include secondary payloads – Trojans (such as AZORult) or data-stealing modules that harvest sensitive information. Additionally, malware may modify Windows hosts file (located in C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\) which would prevent users access to security-related sites
Termination You should delete the main payload of malware along with any other components that are dropped on the system by using anti-malware software, such as Reimage Reimage Cleaner Intego, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner, or Malwarebytes. In some cases, accessing Safe Mode is recommended – check full instructions below
Locked files recovery Recovering .bora encrypted files might be sometimes possible using decrypter_2 [download link] by ADC Soft or by contacting Dr.Web (paid service). Alternatively, third-party recovery tools may be helpful sometimes. If these methods don't work, decryption is not possible without retrieving the key from hackers

Discovered by security expert Michael Gillespie in early October 2019,[2] Bora ransomware was spotted attacking users worldwide. This is the 171st variant of STOP/Djvu ransomware – new ones are released on a regular basis, such as Noos, Kuub, Seto, Boot, Nesa, and many others.

As a general rule, Bora ransomware authors use a variety of techniques in order to infect as many victims as possible, including:

  • Spam emails
  • Software cracks and infected installers[3]
  • Fake updates
  • Adware bundles[4]
  • Software vulnerabilities
  • Unprotected RDP connections (especially those utilizing the default TCP port 3389), etc.

If you frequently neglect precautionary measures and do not protect your computer with anti-malware software, the chance of infection is much more likely – check tips on how to avoid ransomware and similar threats in the prevention section below. The first goal after infection, however, is Bora ransomware removal, as it may be spying on your most private information and sending it to the attackers.

To remove Bora ransomware, you will have to employ security software, such as Reimage Reimage Cleaner Intego, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner, or Malwarebytes, although other reputable tools can be used for the process as well. If Bora virus prevents its termination, you should access Safe Mode with Networking as explained in our removal section and then perform a full system scan with anti-malware tool.

After elimination, you are also advised visiting the following folder and deleting Windows hosts file:


Bora ransomware encryption process and ransom demands

Bora ransomware affects Windows XP, 7, 8, 8.1, and Windows 10 users. Once on the machine, the virus drops several files into the %AppData% or %LocalAppData% folders – these executables' names are randomized to prevent detection by AV engines, as they are responsible for launching several processes that are responsible for further system modification and file encryption.

Bora ransomware virusBora is a type of virus that focuses on money extortion - it renders all personal files useless and then demands ransom for the decryption tool

Just as many other ransomware infections, Bora virus searches for files that are most commonly used, including:

.3fr, .7z, .accdb, .ai, .apk, .arch00, .arw, .asset, .avi, .bar, .bay, .bc6, .bc7, .big, .bik, .bkf, .bkp, .blob, .bsa, .cas, .cdr, .cer, .cfr, .cr2, .crt, .crw, .css, .csv, .d3dbsp, .das, .dazip, .db0, .dba, .dbf, .dcr, .der, .desc, .dmp, .dng, .doc, .docm, .docx, .dwg, .dxg, .epk, .eps, .erf, .esm, .ff, .flv, .forge, .fos, .fpk, .fsh, .gdb, .gho, .hkdb, .hkx, .hplg, .hvpl, .ibank, .icxs, .indd, .itdb, .itl, .itm, .iwd, .iwi, .jpe, .jpeg, .jpg, .js, .kdb, .kdc, .kf, .layout, .lbf, .litemod, .lrf, .ltx, .lvl, .m2, .m3u, .m4a, .map, .mcmeta, .mdb, .mdbackup, .mddata, .mdf, .mef, .menu, .mlx, .mov, .mp4, .mpqge, .mrwref, .ncf, .nrw, .ntl, .odb, .odc, .odm, .odp, .ods, .odt .orf, .p7b, .p7c, .p12, .pak, .pdd, .pdf, .pef, .pem, .pfx, .pkpass, .png, .ppt, .pptm, .pptx, .psd, .psk, .pst, .ptx, .py, .qdf, .qic, .r3d, .raf, .rar, .raw, .rb, .re4, .rgss3a, .rim, .rofl, .rtf, .rw2, .rwl, .sav, .sb, .sid, .sidd, .sidn, .sie, .sis, .slm, .snx, .sql, .sr2, .srf, .srw, .sum, .svg, .syncdb, .t12, .t13, .tax, .tor, .txt, .upk, .vcf, .vdf, .vfs0, .vpk, .vpp_pc, .vtf, .w3x, .wb2, .wma, .wmo, .wmv, .wotreplay, .wpd, .wps, .x3f, .xf, .xlk, .xls, .xlsb, .xlsm, .xlsx, .xxx, .zip, .ztmp, wallet

All the files that have one of these extensions will be locked and no longer accessible. For example, a “new_schedule.xlsx” will be converted into “new_schedule.xlsx.” However, it is worth mentioning that data modified in such a way is, generally speaking, not damaged or corrupted – it simply requires a key to be returned to their original state. To complicate the recovery, malware is also programmed to delete Shadow Volume Copies with the command vssadmin.exe Delete Shadows /All /Quiet.

Ransomware is not a stealthy type of malware – cybercriminals do not want to hide its presence and that is why a ransom note _readme.txt is dropped on the machine, informing users on what happened, in the hopes that they will comply. To establish a fake sense of security, crooks also promise a 50% discount if they are contacted within first 72 hours of the infection, and also offer a test decryption:


Don't worry, you can return all your files!
All your files like photos, databases, documents and other important are encrypted with strongest encryption and unique key.
The only method of recovering files is to purchase decrypt tool and unique key for you.
This software will decrypt all your encrypted files.
What guarantees you have?
You can send one of your encrypted file from your PC and we decrypt it for free.
But we can decrypt only 1 file for free. File must not contain valuable information.
You can get and look video overview decrypt tool:
Price of private key and decrypt software is $980.
Discount 50% available if you contact us first 72 hours, that's price for you is $490.
Please note that you'll never restore your data without payment.
Check your e-mail “Spam” or “Junk” folder if you don't get answer more than 6 hours.

To get this software you need write on our e-mail:

Reserve e-mail address to contact us:

However, paying Bora ransomware developers might only lead to more losses, as there is no guarantee that the hackers would send you the required decryption tool. Instead, you should opt for other file recovery solutions and, while they might not be successful, at least you will get to keep $980 or $490 in your pocket.

Ransomware developers use various methods to spread the infection to hundreds or even thousands of users

In most of the cases, users are pretty oblivious when it comes to cybersecurity, and they often ignore advice provide by qualified cybersecurity professionals.[5] The careless behavior includes visiting high-risk websites that distribute illegal software (cracks/keygens like KMSPico), avoiding to patch Windows OS with the latest security updates, not installing anti-malware software, and so on. For this to be fixed, the attitude towards the cybersecurity needs to change, as, for example, ransomware infection leads to loss of the most important data that might be worth much more than just money.

Bora ransomware locked filesOnce Bora ransomware executes the necessary changes to the infected system, all personal files get locked and receive .bora extension - they are no longer openable

Additionally, there are several other attack vectors abused by cybercriminals, and they often include some form of social engineering (for example, spam emails are considered to be one of the most popular malware distribution methods to this day). More sophisticated means are also used, such as scanning the internet for unprotected Remote Desktop connections. To avoid that, always protect the RDP with strong passwords, never use the default TCP port, and disconnect the feature as soon as it is not used anymore.

Terminate Bora ransomware infection along with any secondary payloads that might be present on your Windows system

As previously mentioned, Bora virus might modify Windows hosts file, so the infected users should delete it first – this would allow the entry to security-related websites once again. Visit C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\ folder for that.

Regardless if you decide to pay the ransom or not to recover the encrypted .bora files, you should first take care of Bora ransomware removal. This should not be hard to achieve if you enter Safe Mode with Networking – this environment will temporarily disable all the processes and files utilized by malware in order to perform its malicious tasks. Nevertheless, sometimes, this might not be necessary and you would be able to delete all the malicious files by simply scanning your machine with anti-malware software like Reimage Reimage Cleaner Intego or SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner.

Once you remove Bora ransomware, it is up to you how to proceed. We recommend backing up all the encrypted files first and then attempting to recover them with data recovery software. If the does not work, you can try the decrypter_2, although it will only work if the file encryption process was performed offline, i.e., the malware was unable to contact its Command and Control server, or your computer was not connected to the internet for some reason. The paid method might also be possible – Dr.Web can sometimes help the victims as well.

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If you failed to remove virus damage using Reimage Intego, submit a question to our support team and provide as much details as possible.
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Alternative Software
Different software has a different purpose. If you didn’t succeed in fixing corrupted files with Reimage, try running SpyHunter 5.
Alternative Software
Different software has a different purpose. If you didn’t succeed in fixing corrupted files with Intego, try running Combo Cleaner.

To remove Bora virus, follow these steps:

Remove Bora using Safe Mode with Networking

To perform a successful Bora ransomware removal, you should access Safe Mode with Networking and then perform a full system scan using anti-malware software:

  • Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Networking

    Windows 7 / Vista / XP
    1. Click Start Shutdown Restart OK.
    2. When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
    3. Select Safe Mode with Networking from the list Select 'Safe Mode with Networking'

    Windows 10 / Windows 8
    1. Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
    2. Now select Troubleshoot Advanced options Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
    3. Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Networking in Startup Settings window. Select 'Enable Safe Mode with Networking'
  • Step 2: Remove Bora

    Log in to your infected account and start the browser. Download Reimage Reimage Cleaner Intego or other legitimate anti-spyware program. Update it before a full system scan and remove malicious files that belong to your ransomware and complete Bora removal.

If your ransomware is blocking Safe Mode with Networking, try further method.

Remove Bora using System Restore

If the previous method did not work for you, you could try System Restore to delete the malware and all its components:

  • Step 1: Reboot your computer to Safe Mode with Command Prompt

    Windows 7 / Vista / XP
    1. Click Start Shutdown Restart OK.
    2. When your computer becomes active, start pressing F8 multiple times until you see the Advanced Boot Options window.
    3. Select Command Prompt from the list Select 'Safe Mode with Command Prompt'

    Windows 10 / Windows 8
    1. Press the Power button at the Windows login screen. Now press and hold Shift, which is on your keyboard, and click Restart..
    2. Now select Troubleshoot Advanced options Startup Settings and finally press Restart.
    3. Once your computer becomes active, select Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt in Startup Settings window. Select 'Enable Safe Mode with Command Prompt'
  • Step 2: Restore your system files and settings
    1. Once the Command Prompt window shows up, enter cd restore and click Enter. Enter 'cd restore' without quotes and press 'Enter'
    2. Now type rstrui.exe and press Enter again.. Enter 'rstrui.exe' without quotes and press 'Enter'
    3. When a new window shows up, click Next and select your restore point that is prior the infiltration of Bora. After doing that, click Next. When 'System Restore' window shows up, select 'Next' Select your restore point and click 'Next'
    4. Now click Yes to start system restore. Click 'Yes' and start system restore
    Once you restore your system to a previous date, download and scan your computer with Reimage Reimage Cleaner Intego and make sure that Bora removal is performed successfully.

Bonus: Recover your data

Guide which is presented above is supposed to help you remove Bora from your computer. To recover your encrypted files, we recommend using a detailed guide prepared by security experts.

We highly recommend avoid paying cybercriminals. They might send you a decryptor that does not work or is malicious. Instead, try alternative data recovery solutions instructions for which we provide below.

If your files are encrypted by Bora, you can use several methods to restore them:

Use Data Recover Pro to retrieve at least some of your locked files

Data recovery software does not always work for ransomware-affected files. Nevertheless, it can attempt to recover copies of healthy files if the space on the hard drive has not been overwritten with other information.

  • Download Data Recovery Pro;
  • Follow the steps of Data Recovery Setup and install the program on your computer;
  • Launch it and scan your computer for files encrypted by Bora ransomware;
  • Restore them.

Windows Previous Versions Feature is one of the ways you might be able to recover .bora locked files

If you had System Restore enabled prior to the infection of your OS took place, you might be able to use Windows Previous Versions feature on separate files:

  • Find an encrypted file you need to restore and right-click on it;
  • Select “Properties” and go to “Previous versions” tab;
  • Here, check each of available copies of the file in “Folder versions”. You should select the version you want to recover and click “Restore”.

ShadowExplorer may recover all your files under certain circumstances

Use ShadowExplorer – this application can use Shadow Volume Copies to recover your files. Nevertheless, for it to work, the malware needs to fail to delete these copies in the first place (which is highly unlikely, but possible).

  • Download Shadow Explorer (;
  • Follow a Shadow Explorer Setup Wizard and install this application on your computer;
  • Launch the program and go through the drop down menu on the top left corner to select the disk of your encrypted data. Check what folders are there;
  • Right-click on the folder you want to restore and select “Export”. You can also select where you want it to be stored.

Make use of available decryption tools provided by Dr.Web and ADC soft

There are other methods you could try:

  • Download decrypter_2 [download link] – this decryptor might help you if the encryption process was performed using offline encryption keys;
  • Ask Dr.Web for help (note that the decryption solution only works for PDF, MS Office, and possibly few other file times and is not free, the Rescue pack prices at 150 euros).

Finally, you should always think about the protection of crypto-ransomwares. In order to protect your computer from Bora and other ransomwares, use a reputable anti-spyware, such as Reimage Reimage Cleaner Intego, SpyHunter 5Combo Cleaner or Malwarebytes

Access your website securely from any location

When you work on the domain, site, blog, or different project that requires constant management, content creation, or coding, you may need to connect to the server and content management service more often. It is a hassle when your website is protected from suspicious connections and unauthorized IP addresses.

The best solution for creating a tighter network could be a dedicated/fixed IP address. If you make your IP address static and set to your device, you can connect to the CMS from any location and do not create any additional issues for server or network manager that need to monitor connections and activities. This is how you bypass some of the authentications factors and can remotely use your banking accounts without triggering suspicious with each login. 

VPN software providers like Private Internet Access can help you with such settings and offer the option to control the online reputation and manage projects easily from any part of the world. It is better to clock the access to your website from different IP addresses. So you can keep the project safe and secure when you have the dedicated IP address VPN and protected access to the content management system.

Recover files after data-affecting malware attacks

While much of the data can be accidentally deleted due to various reasons, malware is one of the main culprits that can cause loss of pictures, documents, videos, and other important files. More serious malware infections lead to significant data loss when your documents, system files, and images get encrypted. In particular, ransomware is is a type of malware that focuses on such functions, so your files become useless without an ability to access them.

Even though there is little to no possibility to recover after file-locking threats, some applications have features for data recovery in the system. In some cases, Data Recovery Pro can also help to recover at least some portion of your data after data-locking virus infection or general cyber infection. 


About the author
Lucia Danes
Lucia Danes - Virus researcher

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